Member Log In
NFWS Mission Statement
  1. To promote the well-being of ferrets through articles written and published by the NFWS, veterinarians and ferret specialists world wide
  2. Offer/provide advice on a variety of ferret subjects from common illnesses, nutrition, sanitation, interaction, ferret safety and the advisability of breeding.
  3. Promote the on-going liaison with veterinarians and all medical organisations and agents associated within the 'ferret world' with the aim of raising the general awareness of ferret health and ferret needs.
  4. Advise and educate ferret owners, clubs etc., on their basic responsibilities towards ferrets on such diverse subjects as when considering breeding ferrets and when working ferrets in vermin control. The list is large!
  5. To promote confidence in ferret owners to approach the NFWS and/or veterinarians to seek advice when their ferret's health and behaviour causes concern.

The Jill Jab

The jill is seasonally polyoestrous starting in March and lasting till about September the use of artificial light and a good plane of nutrition may bring the jill into season before March. Ferrets are well known for reproductive disorders the main two problems being Oestrogen induced anaemia and pyometra. Oestrogen induced anaemia is as a result of the high levels of oestrogen produced by the ferret while in prolonged oestrus when not mated. This is generally a life threatening disease and treatment is largely unsuccessful.
Pyometra is a relatively uncommon disease where the uterus becomes infected and again can be life threatening. Treatment is by surgery to remove the infected uterus as soon as possible, antibiotics are unsuccessful in the treatment of this disease. It is very important therefore that seasons are controlled in the ferret as the long term implications of allowing a ferret to go through normal seasons each year unmated are very serious indeed. The main forms of control are listed below with a comment on each of them.

The use of a vasectomised hob.

This involves the keeping and use of a vasectomised hob to mate with jills in season and results in the induction of a pseudo pregnancy lasting forty two days when the jill will return to oestrus. Obviously the ferret will still come into season and could in this instance still develop a pyometra.

Hormonal control.

The main drug used in the prevention of oestrous in the ferret is Proligestone (Delvosteron by Intervet UK) 0.5 ml is given subcutaneously in March and repeated if the jill returns to oestrous. In over 90% the jill will return to oestrous the next year and can be bred from. In surveys no cases of pyometra have been associated wtih the use of this drug. The injection can be painful and cases of skin reaction have been observed following its use it is advised that the site be well massaged after injection.


This is a complete ovariohysterectomy and results in the jill permanently having no further seasons and no oestrogen induced anaemia or pyometra. With the current anaesthetics and techniques this is the preferred option for all pet ferrets. Obviously this is not an option for any ferret keeper wishing to breed from those individuals but certainly is the best option for the average pet ferret.

I hope this has been of some help for those ferret owners wishing to know the options avialable for their pet. Further information can always be obtained from your own veterinary surgeon who will be best placed to help you choose the method of control best suited to you and your pet.

John Dinsdale BVMS MRCVS
(First published in the April, 1997 Issue No. 41 NFWS News)